This district has been created in 1963 from the 9 municipalities (and parts of other municipalities)
with a French speaking majority, belonging to the Province West-Flanders, and who did pass at the same moment to the Province Hainaut.
As they do have a Dutch speaking minority, they dao have a specific linguistic regime.
Very specific for this district is that it is splitted in two parts, separated by French territory (the metropole of Lille).
And oriented towards three cities: Lille (French), Tournai (Walloon) and Kortrijk (Flemish).
This coomplicated situation is one of the heritages of the "unfinished"
conquest by the French Kings in 1500-1800 of parts of the County of Flanders.
And has been simplified in 1977, when the municipalities of each part did regroup in one municipality.
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