Outline related to Belgian immigration
Northern Ireland (NIR)
- The Flemish influence in Scotland (1066-ca 1700) by Annette Hardie - Stoffelen
- "The army which William the Conqueror ferried across the Channel in 1066, to wrest the English crown from King Harold, contained many men who were not Norman. William was married to Matilda the eldest daughter of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and Williamís continental allies were Flemish."
- "The early hardy and resourceful Flemish colonists, bringing a new social order with political and military power in place of tribal authority, had to bear the brunt of fierce Celtic resentment. We must keep in mind the nativesí point of view; they were neither a barbarous people, nor a clog upon the wheels of progress. It is rash to presume barbarism prevailed in every part of Scotland and at all periods; Celtic traditions point to a very remarkable early development of native crafts. Noble Flemings married Celtic heiresses and Flemish traders and craftsmen congregated in towns."
- "Whether we regard their introduction as military invaders or as commercial adventurers, Flemish enterprise deserves consideration, for it had a broadening and deepening effect on the life and character of the people they settled amongst and the only evidence of alien strain that remains is in the perpetuation of the surname Fleming."
- The Flemings are at that time those who resided in what's now the Belgian districts of Brugge and Ghent OR in a larger sense those who did reside in what's now the Belgian provinces of East-Flanders, West-Flanders and Hainaut, the Dutch districts of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen and the North of France. Most of them, but not all, did speak the older version of what's now Dutch.
Genealogy pages of Listmembers
Families in York
Families in Scotland
- The rise of the Flemish Families in Scotland by Annette Hardie - Stoffelen
- BAIRD, BALLIOL, BRUCE, CAMERON, CAMPBELL, COMYN, CRAWFORD, DOUGLAS, FLEMING, GRAHAM, HAY, INNES, LINDSAY, MURRAY, OLIPHANT, SETON, STEWART.