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Shipping Lines in Belgium

Shipping Lines, Shipping Agents, Flags, ... in the Context of the Emigration of Belgians
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Lines | Red Star Line


In shipping, it is not always easy to distinguish between "the line" and " the owner".

One of the most famous lines, the Red Star Line, can serve as an example. "Red Star Line" was only a trade name, not a corporation. It is not entirely clear who owned the name, but we can assume it was the International Navigation Company.

The main shipping line operating out of Antwerp was the Red Star Line. In 1906 it was the third most important shipping line out of the 26 offering sailings out of Europe. In 1908 they offered direct weekly sailings to New York, Philadelphia, and Boston, and a fortnightly service to Baltimore.

The Red Star Line belonged to the International Navigation Company, created in Philadelphia in 1871. In 1884 INC took over another shipping line, the American Line, which offered departures from Liverpool. In 1902 the conglomerate controlled the White Star Line, the Atlantic Transport Line, the Dominion Line, and the Leyland Line, totalling 133 vessels. J. Pierpont Morgan was the architect of this construction.

Main competitors of the Red Star Line were: Hapag Lloyd, Holland Amerika Line, Cunard Line, and Anchor Line.

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Shipping Lines

Ship Line Short Active
R. Alexander Alexander
American Line AL
Atlantic Transport Co AT
John P. Best, Barber & Co Best (1887)
Brand N. Atlantic BNA
Brit & Foreign Brit
British Ind. SS Co BI
H. Bucknill Bucknill
Compagnie Belge de Navigation à Vapeur Transatlantique CBNVT 1841 - 1845?
Cunard Line Cunard
Dominion Line
Engels Line: Theodore C. Engels & Co., Belgium Engels 1875 - 1888
Hamburg - America Linie HA
Holland Amerika Lijn HAL
International Sailing Ship Company, Antwerp ISSC 1875 -
Intern. Navig Co IN
W. Johnston Co Johnston
Leyland Line Leyland
National S.S. Co. National
Nederland - Amerika Stoomver. NAS
North Western SS Co. NW
Panama Pacific Line PPL
Pittsburg S.S. Pittsburg
SS Principia Co Principia
Red Star Line RSL
Ross & Co Ross
Société Anonyme de Navigation Transatlantique SANT1 1855 - 1857
Société Anonyme de Navigation Transatlantique SANT2 1881 - 1889
State Line Steamship Co., Ltd SL
Temperly SS Co Temperly
United States Shipping Board USSB
J.H. Welsford Welsford
Western Transit WT
White Cross Line WCL 1851 - 1887
White Star Line WSL

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Shipping Agents

Agent Line / Owner represented Active
von der BECKE, Antwerp
Emile BROECKAERT, Vrasene
Constant de BOCK-HERMANS
Fred. FIERENS, Vrasene
C. Henri STRAUSS, Kunstlaan 14, Antwerpen 1879

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