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Kinship

Latin

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We very often have a serious problem naming our cousins. Is he or she a first cousin twice removed, or a second cousin once removed? In (most?) modern languages we obviously lack the richess of the old languages, where one had a different word for each member of the family.

We are trying to remediate to this linguistic poverty with a mathematical solution. Is that realistic?

When I talk about my cousin "n" removed living in Detroit, I say that she is the daughter of my mother's uncle, or the daughter of the brother of my maternal grandfather. Just two words in Latin: magna amitina, the female form indicating that my cousin is female indeed.

In Latin there isn't that much confusion. You just call them by the right name. they had a name for an aunt from mother's side, and another for the aunt from father's side.

Because of my graphic limitations, I first give the schema indicating with letters each of the family members, and below their name in Latin. Although this may be a risky undertaking for me, I also give a translation in English of some of the words used.


                  Paternal  A  Maternal
                      side /|/ side
                          / | /
                         /  |  /
                        I   B   I
                       /   /|/   /
                      /   / | /   /
                     /   /  |  /   /
                    Q   K   C   K   Q
                   /   /  / | /  /   /
                  /   /  /  |  /  /   /
                 W   R  L   D   L  R   W
                /   /  /   /|/   /  /   /
               /   /  /   / | /   /  /   /
              Z   X  S   M  *  M   S  X   Z
              |   |  |   |  |  |   |
              |   |  |   |  |  |   |
              Y   T  N   E  N  T   Y
              |   |  |   |  |  |   |
              |   |  |   |  |  |   |
              U   O  F   O  U
              |   |  |
              |   |  |
              P   G  P
              |
              |
              H
You are the star in the middle!

Male

Female

A

Abavus

Abavia

B

Pro avus

Pro avia

C

Avus

Avia

D

Pater

Mater

*

Ego: that's you!

E

Filius

Filia

F

Nepos

Neptis

G

Pronepos

Proneptis

H

Abnepos

Abneptis


Paternal side

Maternal side

I

Pro patruus
Pro avunculus
Pro amita
Pro Matertera

K

Patruus magnus Avunculus magnus Amita magna Matertera magna

L

Patruus Avunculus

Amita Matertera

M

Frater

Soror

N

Ex fratre nepos
Ex sorore nepos
Ex fratre neptis
Ex sorore neptis

O

Ex fratre pronepos
Ex sorore pronepos
Ex fratre proneptis
Ex sorore proneptis

P

Ex fratre abnepos
Ex sorore abnepos
Ex fratre abneptis
Ex sorore abneptis

Q

Pro patruelis
Pro matruelis
Pro amitina
Pro consobrina

R

Magnus patruelis
Magnus matruelis
Magna amitina
Magna consobrina

S

Patruelis Matruelis

Amitina Consobrina

T

Ex patruo/Amitina nepos
Ex patruo/Amitina neptis
Ex matruele/Consobrina nepos
Ex matruele/Consobrina neptis

U

Ex patruele/Amitina pronepos
Ex patruele/Amitina proneptis
Ex matruele/Consobrina pronepos
Ex matruele/Consobrina proneptis

W

Magnus pro avinus
Magnus pro avinus
Magna pro avina
Magna pro avina

X

Pro avinus
Pro avina
Pro avinus
Pro avina

Y

Ex pro avino nepos
Ex pro avina neptis
Ex pro avino nepos
Ex pro avina neptis

Z

Abavinus
Abavina
Abavinus
Abavina

(any corrections are most welcome)


Latin

English

Pater

father

Mater

mother

Frater

brother

Soror

sister

Abavus

grandfather of grandfather

Abnepos

son of a great grand child

Nepos

grandson

Neptis

granddaughter

Pronepos

great grandson

Consobrina

full cousin from mother's side

Patruelis

full cousin from father's side

Matruelis

son of uncle from mother's side

Patruus

uncle from father's side

Avunculus

uncle from mother's side

Amita

aunt from father's side

Matertera

aunt from mother's side

Ils sont fous, ces Romains! (Asterix)


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