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Handboek voor Genealogisch Onderzoek in Vlaanderen (1998)

Johan ROELSTRAETE

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Original title: Handboek voor Genealogisch Onderzoek in Vlaanderen
Translated title: Manual for Genealogical Research in Flanders
Author Johan ROELSTRAETE
Published Roeselare, 1998
Publisher Vlaamse Vereniging voor Familiekunde
Language Dutch [no English edition available]
Copyright Johan Roelstraete, Heule
ISBN 90-804305-1-X
Number of pages 531
Summary VVF (in Dutch)
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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Introduction by Valère Arickx 3
Introduction to the revised print 5

I.   BASIC CONCEPTS 7

A.   WHAT IS GENEALOGY? 7

1.   MANUALS 7
a.   In the Dutch language 7
b.   Bilingual 9
c.   In the French language 9
d.   In the German language 11
e.   In the English language 11
f.   In other languages 13
2.   GENEALOGICAL MAGAZINES AND HERALDIC MAGAZINES 13
a.   International 13
b.   Belgium 13
(1)  In the Dutch language 13
(2)  In the French language 14
c.   The Netherlands 14
d.   Luxembourg 16
e.   France 16
e.   In the German language 19
f.   In the English language 20
g.   Denmark 20
h.   Finland 20
i.   Italy 21
j.   In Portuguese 21
k.   In Spanish 21
l.   South Africa 21
m.   Sweden 21
n.   Switzerland 21
3.   THE CONCEPT GENEALOGY 21
4.   GENEALOGY AS A SCIENCE

B.   GENEALOGY AS AN AUXILIARY SCIENCE AND THE AUXILIARY SCIENCES
     OF GENEALOGY 27

1.   GENEALOGY AND BIBLIOGRAPHY 27
2.   GENEALOGY AND GENETICS 27
3.   GENEALOGY AND MEDICINE 29
4.   GENEALOGY AND JUSTICE 31
5.   GENEALOGY AND DEMOGRAPHY 36
6.   GENEALOGY AND SOCIOLOGY 37
7.   GENEALOGY AND ICONOGRAPHY 39
8.   GENEALOGY AND DIALECTOLOGY 40
9.   GENEALOGY AND ONOMASTICS 41
10.  GENEALOGY AND THE STUDY OF LITERATURE 41
11.  FROM THE CRADLE TO THE GRAVE: folklore and the study of
     daily life 42
a.   Daily life 42
b.   Birth and christening 43
e.   Confirmation 43
d.   Marriage 43
e.   Death 44
f.   About eating and drinking 44
g.   About clothing 44
h.   About hygiene 45
i.   About housing and construction of houses 45
j.   About the occupation of our ancestors 45
12.  GENEALOGY AND INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY 46
13.  GENEALOGY AND CARTOGRAPHY 47
14.  GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY 47
15.  GENEALOGY AND THE KNOWLEDGE OF SEALS 47
a.   General history 49
b.   Local history and folklore 50

C.   GENEALOGY AND SOCIETY 52

1.   GENEALOGY AND EDUCATION 52
2.   GENEALOGY AS LEISURE ACTIVITY 54

D.   THE FIRST RESEARCHES 56

1.   THE BEGINNING IS EASY 56
2.   FAMILY DOCUMENTS 57
a.   Where to find all this? 59
b.   How to conserve? 59
3.   ORAL TRADITION
4.   CEMETERIES
5.   FAMILY COATS OF ARMS

E.   THE PROCESSING OF THE DATA 64

1.   SETTING UP AND ORGANIZING OUR ARCHIVE 64
2.   ASCENDANTS AND DESCENDANTS 64
3.   THE FAMILY TREE 64
4.   THE LINEAGE OR SERIES OF ANCESTORS 65
5.   THE PEDIGREE OR ANCESTRAL CHART 67
6.   THE DESCENDANCE TABLE 73
7.   THE GENEALOGY IN THE NARROW SENSE OF THE WORD (pedigree) 73
8.   THE DESCENDANCE TABLE 79
9.   THE CONSANGUINITY TABLE 80
10.  THE GENEAGRAM 80
11.  SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 82
12.  GENEALOGICAL NOTES 83
13.  THE CARD SYSTEM 83
14.  PHOTOCOPIES 86
15.  FAMILY DOCUMENTS 86
16.  FAMILY ARTIFACTS 86
17.  IMAGE AND SOUND 90
18.  GENEALOGY AND COMPUTER 90
a.   Computer terms 92
b.   Genealogical computer user groups
c.   Computer software 94
d.   Genealogical computer software 94
e.   What brings the (near) future? 95
f.   The archive and the computer 96

II.  PRACTICING GENEALOGY IN GENERAL AND IN OUR COUNTRY IN PARTICULAR 97

A.   HISTORY OF THE GENEALOGY 97

1.   THE ANCIENT EAST 97
2.   GREECE 98
3.   THE ROMANS 98
4.   THE CELTS 100
5.   THE GERMANIC PEOPLE 100
6.   THE MIDDLE AGES 101
7.   MODERN ERA 102

B.    MODERN GENEALOGY PRACTICING (especially in our country) 105

C.   THE GENEALOGICAL ASSOCIATIONS IN OUR COUNTRY 108

1.   THE "OFFICE GENEALOGIQUE ET HERALDIQUE DE BELGIQUE"
     (O.G.H.B) (1942) 108
2.   THE "SERVICE DE CENTRALISATION DES ETUDES GENEALOGIQUES 
ET DEMOGRAPHIQES DE BELGIQUE (SCGC) (1944) 109 3. DE VLAAMSE VERENIGING VOOR FAMILIEKUNDE (V.V.F.) (1964) 109 4. OTHER ASSOCIATIONS IN OUR COUNTRY (112) III. WHERE ARE SOURCES KEPT? 113 A. GENEALOGICAL AND FOLKLORISTIC DOCUMENTATION CENTERS 114 1. THE CENTER FOR FAMILY HISTORY in MERKSEM 114 2. THE REGIONAL DOCUMENTATION CENTER FOR FAMILY AND LOCAL HISTORY in OOSTENDE 116 3. DOCUMENTATION CENTER V.V.F.-GENT in the MUNICIPAL MUSEUM at MELLE 117 4. THE DOCUMENTATION ROOM OF THE V.V.F.-ROESELARE 119 5. THE FLEMISH CENTER FOR GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY IN HANDZAME 119 6. CENTER FOR FAMILY AND SOCIAL ARCHIVES IN IEPER 120 7. DOCUMENTATION CENTER V.V.F.- AALST 121 8. MUNICIPAL ARCHIVE- AND DOCUMENTATION CENTER OF AALTER 121 9. THE LIBRARY OF THE "GEMEENTEKREDIET" ON THE HISTORY OF THE BELGIAN MUNICIPALITIES 121 10. DOCUMENTATION CENTER OF THE Société d'Histoire de Comines-Warneton et de la Région 122 B. HAS THE ORIGIN OF THE FAMILY ALREADY BEEN RESEARCHED? WHAT DO WE FIND IN THE LIBRARIES? 123 1. PRINTED WORKS 123 2. MANUSCRIPTS 128 3. FUNERAL CARDS 130 C. WHAT DO MUSEUMS OFFER TO THE FAMILY RESEARCHERS? 132 IV. GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES 135 A. EUROPE 137 1. GERMANY 137 2. FRANCE 137 3. THE NETHERLANDS 140 4. GREAT BRITAIN 141 5. LUXEMBOURG 142 6. OTHER COUNTRIES 142 B. OUTSIDE EUROPE 144 1. EMIGRATION predominantly to America 144 2. IMMIGRATION 144 V. THE ARCHIVES AND THE FAMILY HISTORY 147 A. INTRODUCTION 147 1. WHAT DO WE MEAN BY ARCHIVE, 148 2. WHAT IS AN ARCHIVE? 148 3. WHAT ARE ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS? 149 B. THE ARCHIVES 150 1. CONCISE HISTORY OF THE ARCHIVES 150 2. THE LAWS ON ARCHIVES 152 3. PREPARING FOR A VISIT TO THE ARCHIVES 4. THE MUNICIPAL ARCHIVES 5. THE STATE ARCHIVES 6. THE PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES C. THE ARCHIVAL THEORY 1. GENERAL 165 a. An archive 165 b. A collection 165 c. Archival records 165 d. A document 165 e. A number 165 2. TYPES OF ARCHIVAL RECORDS 166 a. As to the form 166 b. As to the drafting and contents 167 c. As to the probative value 167 d. As to the ruling function 168 e. As to the accounting function 169 f. As to the reporting function 170 g. As to the planning function 171 h. As to the memory supporting function 171 i. As to the access giving function 172 j. As to the development stages of the archival records 173 k. As to the arrangement 174 3. TERMS i.r.o. OF THE MANAGEMENT OF ARCHIVES 175 a. Public nature 175 b. Accessibility 175 c. An archival repository 175 d. Transfer 175 e. Giving into custody 175 f. Deposit 175 g. Arranging 175 h. Principles of structure 175 i. Destination principle or origin principle 175 j. Complement 176 k. Sorting out 176 l. Destroying 176 m. Alienation 176 n. Lending out 176 o. Restoration 176 4. PROVIDING ACCESSIBILITY 176 A. Accesses to various archival repositories in general 176 b. Accesses to various archives and collections in one repository 177 c. Accesses to individual archives and collections 178 d. Accesses to parts of archives and collections 178 e. Accesses to archives and collections related to categories of research and certain documentary aspects 180 D. A VISIT TO THE STATE ARCHIVE IN THE PROVINCE 182 1. OPEN HOURS 182 2. THE READING ROOM 182 3. REPRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS 185 4. JURISDICTION 186 5. WHICH SOURCES? 186 VI. SOURCES FROM THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES 187 A. CIVIL REGISTRATION AND POPULATION 1. THE REGISTERS OF THE CIVIL REGISTRATION 189 a. Definition 189 b. History 190 c. The records of the Civil Registration 193 d. Procedure 194 e. The decennial tables 195 f. Birth records 195 g. Marriage records 195 h. Attachments to the marriage records 198 i. Marriage announcements 198 j. Death records 198 k. Various 201 l. The modern parish registers 201 m. Nucleus family reconstruction 202 2. THE POPULATION REGISTERS 205 a. The main register 206 b. Other registers 207 c. The central state register 208 3. PROOF OF IDENTITY ISSUED ON BASIS OF POPULATION REGISTERS 209 a. The identity card 209 b. The international passport 209 c. The marriage booklet 209 4. THE CENSI 213 B. OTHER SOURCES FROM THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES 215 1. GENERAL REMARKS 215 2. DOCUMENTS FROM THE JUDICIAL ARCHIVE 216 C. ARCHIVES OF THE STATE GOVERNMENTS. MINISTRY OF FINANCE 219 1. REGISTRATION OF DOMAINS AND REGISTRATION OF MORTGAGES 219 a. The registration 219 b. The archives of the registration offices 220 c. What do we (sometimes) find at the State Archives? 223 d. The registration of mortgages 223 2. LAND REGISTRY OFFICE 224 a. Purpose 225 b. Short history 225 c. Conservation 226 d. The most important documents 226 f. The cadastral maps of Popp 228 3. MAPS AND PLANS 229 4. SOME FISCAL SOURCES 231 a. The land-tax 232 b. The patent-tax and the patent registers 232 c. Wealth tax 232 D. THE OFFICE OF THE NOTARY PUBLIC 233 1. HISTORY AND LEGISLATION 234 2. SOME CONCEPTS FROM THE OFFICE OF THE NOTARY PUBLIC 235 a. The original of the instrument 235 b. The short form instrument 235 c. The executory copy 236 d. The authenticated copy 236 e. The repertory 236 3. WHICH RECORDS DO WE FIND IN THE NOTARY'S OFFICE? 236 4. HOW TO TRACE THE FAMILY OF THE NOTARY? 240 E. OTHER SOURCES FOR THE PRESENT ERA 240 1. MILITIA 240 2. ELECTORAL AND POLITICAL SOURCES 244 3. OTHER SOURCES IN LOCAL ARCHIVES 246 4. SOURCES IN THE ARCHIVES OF THE PUBLIC WELFARE OFFICE 247 5. ARCHIVES OF ASSOCIATIONS 248 6. THE PRESS AND PRINTED MATTERS 250 VII. SOURCES FROM THE ANCIEN REGIME (the pre-French Revolution Era) A. DIFFICULTIES IN STUDYING OLD TEXTS. HELP, METHODS. 1. THE LANGUAGE 253 a. Dutch 253 b. Latin 255 c. French 256 d. Legalese 256 2. HOW DO WE FIND A PLACE NAME? 256 3. OLD MEASURES, WEIGHTS, AND CURRENCIES 259 4. CHRONOLOGY 260 a. Days and months 261 b. Eras 262 c. Calendar 262 d. Style of the year 263 5. OLD HANDWRITING 270 B. THE INSTITUTIONS OF THE ANCIEN REGIME 276 1. THE ECCLESIASTICAL INSTITUTIONS 276 a. Bishoprics and seminaries 277 b. Chapters 278 c. Abbeys, monasteries, commandries [?] 278 d. Churches [...] 279 2. PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS 282 a. Central institutions 282 b. Regional authorities 283 c. Higher Courts in the County of Flanders 285 d. Local authorities in Flanders 286 e. Family archives 289 C. TIPS FOR METHODS AND THE RECONSTRUCTION OF NUCLEUS FAMILY 292 VIII. SOURCES FROM THE ANCIEN REGIME. II. 299 A. PARISH REGISTERS 299 1. DEFINITION AND REPOSITORIES 302 2. AGE OF THE PARISH REGISTERS 304 3. THE INDICES ON THE PARISH REGISTERS 306 4. LANGUAGE, MEANING, AND VALUE OF THE PARISH REGISTERS 307 5. CONTENTS OF THE BAPTISMAL RECORDS 308 6. CONTENTS OF THE MARRIAGE RECORDS 309 7. THE CONTENTS OF THE DEATH, OR BURIAL RECORDS 310 8. SOME ADDITIONAL ADVICE WHEN RESEARCHING PARISH REGISTERS 311 9. ADDITIONAL SOURCES 311 10. FOUNDLINGS 312 11. PROTESTANT ANCESTORS 313 12. JEWISH ANCESTORS 314 B. DOCUMENTS RELATED TO THE MANAGEMENT OF ORPHAN'S ESTATES 322 1. [...] 2. [...] 3. [...] 4. [...] 5. [...] 6. [...] 7. [...] 8. [...] 9. [...] C. BURGHERS AND EXTRAMURAL BURGHERS 335 1. [...] 2. [...] 3. [...] 4. [...] D. RECORDS OF THE BENCH OF ALDERMEN AND FROM THE JUDICIAL ARCHIVE 344 1. CLASSIFICATION OF THE ARCHIVES OF THE BENCH OF ALDERMEN 344 a. Registers with voluntary jurisdiction 345 b. Registers with contentious jurisdiction 345 2. Contracts of rent 347 3. Contracts of sale (transfer of land) 349 4. Loans 350 5. Antenuptial contracts 350 6. Wills 351 7. Guarantees 351 8. Letters of security 351 9. Appointments and nominations 353 11. Coroner's inquests E. DOCUMENTS RELATED TO THE POSSESSION OF REAL ESTATE, FIEFS, AND SEIGNIORIES 354 1. SEIGNIORIES AND FIEFS 354 2. PARISH (civil) 358 3. REGISTERS OF ENFEOFFMENT 359 4. [...] 5. [...] 6. [...] 7. [...] 8. [...] 9. [...] 10. [...] 11. [...] 12. [...] 13. [...] 14. [...] 15. [...] F. DEMOGRAPHICAL OVERVIEWS 368 1. Census of the households 369 2. Obituaries and necrologies 371 3. Census record 371 4. Status Animarum 371 5. Registers of burghership 372 6. Dammage reports 372 7. Lists of able-bodied men 373 8. Registers of passports 373 G. ACCOUNTS 375 1. [...] 2. [...] 3. [...] 4. [...] 5. [...] 6. [...] H. SOURCES RELATED TO EDUCATION AND PROFESSION 382 1. EDUCATION AND TRAINING 382 2. OCCUPATION 384 I. SOURCES RELATED TO SOCIAL GROUPS: NOBILITY, FARMERS, AND TOWNSPEOPLE 387 1. NOBILITY 387 2. TOWNSPEOPLE 389 3. FARMERS AND COUNTRYMEN 390 IX. WHAT TO DO WITH THE RESEARCH RESULTS 393 A. PRESENTATION TO THE FAMILY 393 1. THE FAMILY REUNION 393 2. THE FAMILY ASSOCIATION 394 B. PUBLISHING. VARIOUS POSSIBILITIES 395 1. [...] 2. [...] 3. [...] 4. [...] 5. [...] X. SOME GENEALOGICAL AUXILIARY SCIENCES 403 A. GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY 403 1. WHAT IS HERALDRY? 413 2. HISTORY OF THE HERALDRY 414 a. The Heraldic College of the V.V.F. 415 b. How the Heraldic College functions 419 c. The Flemish Heraldic Council 4. [...] a. [...] b. [...] c. [...] d. [...] e. [...] 5. [...] B. GENEALOGY AND ONOMASTICS 441 1. Family names 444 2. First names 445 XI. ANNEXES 447 A. GLOSSARY 447 B. LIST OF THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES, DOCUMENTATION CENTERS, AND LIBRARIES 452 1. STATE ARCHIVES 452 2. ARCHIVES OF THE MINISTRIES 454 3. MUNICIPAL AND CITY ARCHIVES 454 4. ARCHIVES OF THE "PUBLIC CENTER FOR SOCIAL WELFARE 460 5. CHURCH ARCHIVES 460 a. Dioceses 460 b. Seminaries 461 c. Churches d. Abbeys and monasteries 461 e. Other ecclesiastical communities 462 6. MUSEUMS 462 7. UNIVERSITIES 464 8. DOCUMENTATION CENTERS 464 9. SOME LIBRARIES 467 10. VARIOUS 468 11. ONOMASTIC DOCUMENTATION CENTERS 468 12. SOME MINISTRIES (local administrations) 468 13. CENTERS FOR HUMAN HEREDITY 470 14. FOREIGN COUNTRIES (archives and documentation centers important for our country) 470 C. LIST OF ADDRESSES OF GENEALOGICAL SOCIETIES 473 1. NATIONAL * [...] * [...] * [...] * [...] * [...] 2. INTERNATIONAL (Federations and Associations) 477 [...] D. CENTERS OF THE MORMONS 480 E. LIST OF ADDRESSES FOR GENEALOGICAL SOFTWARE 481 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED 483 INDEX TO SURNAMES 486 INDEX TO TOPICS 507 Table of Contents 521 [...] will be translated if there is enough interest shown by the RootsWeb subscribers

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